80 years ago today - Nov 27, 1934

During a gun battle between FBI agents and gangster George "Baby Face" Nelson, Inspector Samuel P. Cowley, the first LDS agent in the FBI and the head of the antigangster unit, is mortally wounded. Cowley continues firing his weapon as he falls to the ground and kills Nelson. Cowley died the following day.

80 years ago today - Nov 27, 1934

The Authorities of the Church have always advised the people against card games, that is, cards of the kind that are used by gamblers and others, with ace, king, jack, queen, etc. Your relief society president is undoubtedly mistaken when she says that branches of the Church have given card parties for the purpose of raising funds, provided she refers to cards of this kind. Certainly such parties have not been held with our knowledge or consent. We do not disfellowship people who indulge in such games for having done so, but we feel that it is a waste of valuable time which might be used to better advantage, and often it leads to quarreling, heating, etc.

[Source: Heber J. Grant, Letter to Leolin N. Dickey, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Nov 27, 1899

[Post-Manifesto plural marriage] William Coon, born in Green County, Illinois, December 4, 1840

Elizabeth Braithwaite, born at Yorkshire, England, June 15, 1858

Married at Colonia Juarez, November 27, 1899

[Source: Stanley Ivins typewritten copy of Anthony Ivins "Record Book of Marriages" [Plural] performed in Mexican colonies, Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013), Appendix A]

125 years ago today - Nov. 27th, 1889

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon] (at Fillmore) Two young unmarried people have committed fornication. "Bro. Kelly (1st Counselor in stake pres.) was told that on asking forgiveness they should be permitted to receive re baptism and not be cut off; but where persons thus sin who have received their endowments, they must be excommunicated."

[Source: Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

175 years ago today - Nov 27, 1839

En route to Washington, D.C. Just before arriving in Washington, D.C. the horses on the stagecoach ran off at full speed while the coachman was getting a drink. Joseph Smith climbed outside the door of the coach and regained control of the horses after a two to three mile run, saving the passengers from injury.

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

15 years ago today - Nov 26, 1999

Lee Groberg's American Prophet: The Story of Joseph Smith, narrated by Gregory Peck, makes its national premier on PBS. (Utah residents saw it on September 26 on KBYU television.)

30 years ago today - Nov 26, 1984

The First Presidency announced that, beginning Jan. 1, the term of full-time missionary service for single elders would again be 24 months. It had been shortened from two years to 18 months in April 1982.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

165 years ago today - Nov 26, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff] I had an interview with Hiram Kimball. He sympathieses much with Foster the Laws[,] Marks &c [who had conspired against Joseph Smith]. He saw Foster out on the prairie by himself vary poor & in trouble. Said he would be willing to sacrafice his last Child he has if that would place him back in his former Standing in the Church And if He possessed riches He would give it all to have 5 minutes Conversation with Joseph Smith. Kimball said he was vary sorry for him & Could not help sheding tears for him. Said he could forgive him with all his heart & Advised him to go to the valley And thought all would forgive him. He seemed to take much interest in that Class of people than in building up the Kingdom of God.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Nov 26, 1839

[Apostle Brigham Young] ... we had an exclent time on the lakae, the wind arose about one o'clock in the morning I went upon deck and I felt impres in spirit to pray to the Father in name of Jesus for a forgiveness of all my sins and then I fet to command the winds to secs [cease] and let ous goe safe on our Jorney the winds abated and glory & ouner [honor] & prase be to that God that rules all things.

[Source: Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845]

25 years ago today - Nov 25, 1989

A major change in policy for financing local Church units in the United States and Canada was announced by the First Presidency. Ward members would no longer have stake and ward budget assessments.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

40 years ago today - Nov 25, 1974

On November 25, 1974 the Universe published a favorable article about the Birch Society.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael; Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought]

125 years ago today - Nov 25, 1889

... Every young man in the Church should refrain from the use of hot drinks, as well as tobacco and liquor, and from the use of meat except in the way that the Lord has directed. But you can see what the result would be if we were to enforce a rigid rule of this character. * we should be reluctant to give recommends to young men who would refuse to abstain from the use of tobacco. There might be some cases, however where to[o] strict an application of this might not be wisdom. ...

[Source: Wilford Woodruff, George Q. Cannon, and Joseph F. Smith to O. G. Larsen and counselors, Nov. 25, 1889 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Nov 25, 1889

[Revelation] When I [George Q. Cannon] reached the Gardo House this morning President [Wilford] Woodruff showed me a revelation that he had received upon the question of which we were speaking yesterday. He said that he had prayed about it and the Lord had given him his word. I copy it herein: Sunday night, November 24, 1889 Thus saith the Lord to my servant Wilford, I, the Lord, have heard thyprayers and thyrequest and will answer thee by the voice of my spirit. Thus saith the Lord unto my servants the Presidency of my Church, who hold the keys of the kingdom of God upon the earth. I, the Lord, hold the destiny of the courts in your midst, and the destiny of this nation and all the nations of the earth, in mine own hands. And all that I have revealed and promised and decreed concerning the generation in which you live shall come to pass, and no power shall stay my hand. Let not my servants who are called to the presidency of my Church deny mu word or my law which concerns the salvation of the children of men Let them pray for the Holy Spirit, which shall be given them to guide them in their acts. Place not yourselves in jeopardy to your enemies by promise. Your enemies seek you destruction and the destruction of my people. If the saints will hearken unto my voice and the counsel of my servants, the wicked shall not prevail. Let my servants who officiate as your counselors before the courts, make their pleading as they are moved upon by the Holy Spirit, without any further pledges from the priesthood, and they shall be justified. I, the Lord, will hold the courts, with the officers of the government, and the nation, responsible for their acts towards the inhabitants of Zion. I, Jesus Christ, the Savior of the world, am in your midst. I am your advocate with the Father. Fear not, little flock, it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the Kingdom. Fear not the wicked and ungodly Search the scriptures, for they are they that testify of me, and the revelations which I have given to my servant Joseph, and to all my servants since the world began, which are revealed in the records of divine truth. These revelations contain the judgments of God which are to be poured out upon all nations under heaven, which includes Great Babylon. These judgments are at the door. They will be fulfilled, as God lives. Leave judgment with me; it is mine, saith the Lord. Watch the signs of the times, they will show the fulfilment of the word of the Lord. Let me servants call upon the Lord in mighty prayer. Obtain the Holy Ghost as thy constant companion, and act as you are moved upon by that spirit and all will be well with you. The wicked are fast ripening in iniquity, and they will be cut off by the judgments of God. Great events await you in this generation, and are nigh at your door. Awake, O Israel, and have faith in God and His promises, and he will not forsake you. But I, the Lord, will deliver my saints from the dominion of the wicked in mine own due time and way. I cannot deny my word, neither in blessing nor judgment. Therefore, let mine anointed gird up their loins, watch and be sober, and keep my commandments. Pray always and faint not. Exercise faith in the Lord and in the promises of God. Be valiant in the testimony of Jesus Christ. The eyes of the Lord and the heavenly hosts are watching 522 over you and over your acts. Therefore be faithful until I come. I come quickly, to reward every man according to the deeds done in the body. Even so, Amen.

[Source: George Q. Cannon Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

155 years ago today - Nov 25, 1859

[Brigham Young Sermon] Pres. Young said I would like an article written referring to Haun's Mill Massacre, noticing instances when Indians had massacred the whites. Pres. said it will be in the States and then other countries, that if a man lived a truthful, honest, virtuous life, he will be accused of being a Mormon, and he will have to leave their society if he will not enter into their wickedness. -- Salt Lake City

[Source: Brigham Young Office Journals, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.; Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; New Mormon Studies CD-ROM as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - Nov 25, 1834

Section 106, Place: Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio.

Historical Note: During the month of November 1834, Joseph Smith was occupied in making preparations for the School of the Elders. "No month," he said, "ever found me more busily engaged than November; but as my life consisted of activity and unyielding exertions, I made this my rule: When the Lord commands, do it.".

Section 106 directed Warren A. Cowdery to preside over the branch of the Church in Freedom, Cattaraugus County, New York.

Publication Note. Section 106 was first published as section 99 in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants.

[Source: Cook, Lyndon, Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

125 years ago today - Nov 24, 1889

Woodruff receives revelation of defiance

Wilford Woodruff, as church president, receives revelation, which continued the defiant discourse with the church's enemies. He says that Jesus Christ himself promised protection for the church's practice of polygamy: "I, Jesus Christ, the Savior of the world, am in your midst ... Awake, O. Israel, and have faith in God and His promises, and he will not forsake you. I the Lord will deliver my Saints from the domination of the wicked, in my own due time and way." (Stacker, p. XVII.)

[Source: Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]

125 years ago today - Nov 24, 1889

[First Presidency Office Journal] Pres[iden]ts [Wilford] Woodruff & [George Q.] Cannon met this afternoon with Bro[ther] John W Young and Att[orne]ys Le Grand Young, J[ames] H Moyle & R[ichard]. W. Young'-to consider the advisability of putting further testimony in court more fully explaining the instructions to pray for the avenging the blood of the Prophets in the Endowments also in regard to anointing the arm &c. Bro[ther] John W. Young felt that it would be a proper time to state in court that instructions had been given by the Presidency that no more plural marriages should be solemnized if such a step is deemed advisable by the brethren. This was talked over and fullyconsidered, and the question was left with President Woodruff to decide.

Pres[iden]t Woodruff made a matter of prayer of this question and he was directed by the Spirit of the Lord by revelation which he wrote, and submitted it to Pres[iden]t. Joseph F. Smith, this evening on his return, who feelingly acknowledged the word of the Lord in the revelation given to Pres[iden]t Woodruff in this matter & expressed himself as fully satisfied. ...

[Source: First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

145 years ago today - Nov 24, 1869 (Wednesday)

Street lamps were first used in Salt Lake City.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - Nov 24, 1859

Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection was first published. All 1,250 copies of the first printing were sold out on the very first day.

[Source: Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

110 years ago today - Nov 23, 1904

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill] Wednesday. I came to Logan yesterday and brought some geese for Thanksgiving dinner for Temple workers on Thursday, as we do not close the Temple.

[Source: Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

115 years ago today - Nov 23, 1899; Thursday

[First Presidency and Quorum of Twelve minutes] An informal discussion of the [B. H.] Roberts case, then took place. President Snow expressed his feelings as follows. He hoped that Brother Roberts would have from two to four hours before the house of Representatives, as he believed the Lord would inspire him on that occasion, and that broad-minded people everywhere would be favorably impressed with his presentation of his own case. "After that", said the President, "I don't care what is done, that is, whether he retains his seat or not".

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

115 years ago today - Nov 23, 1899

[Brigham Young Jr.] Met in Temple. did not have my clothes so not enough present. we did not dress. Had long talk on 'obeying the law.' Concluded to let the spirit direct us in counciling brethren what to do. We must not council men to disobey the Law, but separate their families to other states etc. is my feeling. Truly I am a good christian and follow their example in that I always send away one wife before I take an other never having two women at once.

[Source: Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Nov 23, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson] ... The following is a copy of a letter addressed to S. A. Hunsaker, in answer to one he wrote to me:

Salt Lake City,

Nov. 23rd, 1899

Simeon A. Hunsaker,

Payson, Utah.

Dear Brother:

In answer to your letter of the 1st inst., would say that the reply you received from Pres. Woodruff, as quoted by yourself, would not in any sense justify you in taking another wife. You certainly did wrong in this matter. Why did you not seek counsel from the president of the stake ....

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Nov 23, 1889

[George Q. Cannon] Brother Joseph F. Smith and myself were there. We had interviews with the attorneys concerning the case and gave such counsel as was necessary. A list of names of suitable persons to testify was selected, and the points which it was thought they could substantiate were assigned them, and the brethren were instructed to notify them and get them together, so that theymight understand. Brother John W. Young and some of the attorneys were quite anxious to have the testimony given concerning some features of the endowment. It was proposed to have Brother John W. Young go on the stand and testify. Another point was, whether he could not tell that plural marriage was entirelydiscontinued in the territory, and that it had been decided that none should take place. We were pressed for our views upon this subject and I gave mine freely and said that I could not answer this question for President Woodruff. He was the man and would have to answer it. ...

[Source: George Q. Cannon Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Nov 23, 1889

[Apostle Brigham Young Jr.] Much business done by Presidency. Lawyers are seeking instruction to guide them before the Courts. Judge Anderson is determined to disfranchise the church.

[Source: Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Nov 23, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant] This evening I had a chat with Bro. Thatcher and I learned that his ideas as to the resurrection of the Prophet Joseph and his leading the people back to redeem the Center Stake of Zion were not as I had supposed they were. I was glad to have the chat as I had been misjudging him.

[Source: Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Nov 23, 1849

Parley P. Pratt and fifty other men leave the Salt Lake Valley to explore southern Utah. By the first of the year, they reach the site of St. George and collect a wealth of information about central and southern Utah's settlement potential.

80 years ago today - Nov 22, 1934

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Mrs. John F. Reaney] Some years ago I suffered with insomnia, but now when I wake up at three or four o'clock in the morning I sit up and talk to my dictaphone for an hour or two and then manage as a Rule to get a good nap afterwards, and almost every day I take a nap of a full hour at my office. It is my seventy- seventh birthday today, and I am in better health, both in vigor of min and body

[Source: Heber J. Grant, Letter to Mrs. John F. Reaney, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

100 years ago today - Nov 22, 1914; Sunday

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes] Between the morning and the afternoon meetings President Joseph F. Smith, accompanied by his wife and daughter Bishop Nibley and wife and Elders George Albert and Joseph F[ielding]. Smith Jr., called on Joseph Smith [III], president of the Reorganized Church. They found him feeble, tho apparently in his usual health. He has been nearly blind for some time and also deaf. He received us kindly as did also his wife, who appears to be a very excellent woman, and his son Israel who informed the visitors that he held no official position in the Reorganized church. There are three boys belonging to the present wife who appear to be of some promise, if they can kept from the bitterness of Reorganiteism and brought to see the truth. The visit was but brief and apparently effected Joseph Smith whose feelings have softened considerably in latter years. Formerly he manifested a very bitter spirit towards his cousin President Joseph F. Smith of whom he had said and written many unfavorable things.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

115 years ago today - Nov 22, 1899; Wednesday

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes] Attorney F[ranklin]. S. Richards called. He had just come from court, where he had appeared in the case of Elder Joseph E. Taylor, charged with unlawful cohabitation. The defendant had been asked as to his future intentions, that is whether or not he proposed to obey the law. Brother Richards, holding this to be a new phase of the case, had asked that it be not pressed, but the prosecuting attorney had insisted on an answer to the question. The court then informed Brother Richards that he should deal with this class of cases as with all others, and that this question would therefore be asked of the defendants.

Now arose the consideration, what course ought to be taken by the brethren who might be made to answer to this charge. In view of the evident determination of our enemies to work up public opinion against us for the purpose of securing a constitutional amendment forbidding polygamy, it was thought advisable for the brethren who may hereafter be placed in the position of defendants, to promise to obey the law.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Nov 22, 1889

Henry Lawrence, who had administered sacraments in the Endowment House from 1865 to 1869 before joining the Godbeite protest movement testified that the "substance" of the oath of vengence was: "You each and all agree to avenge the blood of the prophets, Joseph and Hyrum, who have sealed their testimony with their blood, this you will teach this to your children and your children's children to the third and fourth generations."

[Source: Salt Lake Tribune, 22 November 1889 as quoted in Aird, Nichols, Bagley, "Voices of Dissent in the Mormon West"]

135 years ago today - Nov 22, 1879

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff] I went to bed slept untill 12 oclok and I awoke and my Monitor guide or spirit of the Lord Call it by what name you will said to me arise, tarry not, go to Sunset Council A M Tenney to Close the bargin buy St John and send the missionaries to take possession of the Colorado Meadows for much depends upon your action in this matter.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Nov 22, 1854

The Saint Louis Luminary first published in St. Louis, Missouri; Erastus Snow, editor. ―It existed primarily to answer false accusations against both the Mormons and Utah and… devote[d] itself to the ‗exposion of the favorable side of Mormonism.‘

[Source: Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

175 years ago today - Nov 22, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff] 22d Elder Pratt & myself attended a debate in the methodist meeting house between mr Spear a methodist Preacher & Elder James. It was the 5th Day of the debate & it Closed. I rode 7 miles & spent the night with J. Ivins. 7 miles.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

30 years ago today - Nov 21, 1984

[Mark Hofmann] "Mike Hansen" orders printing plate for Emma Smith hymnal back page from Debouzek Engraving, Salt Lake City.

[Source: Whittaker, David J., The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case, BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80,]

70 years ago today - Nov 21, 1944

Margaret Dyreng (Nadauld), later the eleventh general president of the Young Women, is born in Manti, Utah.

115 years ago today - Tuesday, Nov 21, 1899

[Apostle John Henry Smith] Salt Lake City

The members of the Literary and Scientific society voted to dose their business by transfering their property to Lorenzo Snow, Trustee in Trust of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in payment of a debt of about $25,000.00. Prest. G. Q. Cannon presided.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

170 years ago today - Nov 21, 1844

[Hosea Stout] ... stood guard at Br Brighams till 12 ...

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]